Silabus Cheat Implementasi Oracle di Solaris

Silabus Cheat Implementasi Oracle di Solaris

Silabus Cheat Implementasi Oracle di Solaris

1.I have an Ultra 60 at home that I use in this example. First I obtained the Solaris 9 binaries from Sun

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and reinstalled the Operating System using a console cable. If you already have a clean install, then

you are all set to begin.

2. Obtain any Oracle documentation you feel may be helpful; in my case:

http://download-west.oracle.com/docs/cd/B19306_01/install.102/b15690.pdf

(Oracle® Database Installation Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) for Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-

Bit) B15690-02)

3.Download the Oracle binaries from http://otn.oracle.com and transfer them to the target host; gunzip

and cpio –idmv as appropriate:

# gunzip 10gr2_db_sol.cpio.gz

# cpio –idmv < 10gr2_db_sol.cpio

4.Determine the Operating System version and verify that it is certified for the version you are using by

visiting Metalink and clicking on the ‘Certify’ tab; in my case:

# SunOS sun9 5.9 Generic_118558-11 sun4u sparc SUNW,Ultra-60

5. As root, determine that the host’s hardware fits the installation requirements (as prescribed in the

aforementioned documentation):

Atleast 1024MB of memory is required:

# /usr/sbin/prtconf | grep “Memory”

Memory size: 1024 Megabytes

For 1024MB of Physical Memory 1.5X in swap is recommended:

# /usr/sbin/swap -s

total: 17360k bytes allocated + 3840k reserved = 21200k used, 2949848k available

There must be 400MB or more free space in /tmp:

# df -h /tmp

Filesystem size used avail capacity Mounted on

/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s3 963M 1.0M 904M 1% /tmp

I will store my Oracle binaries on a specific mount point called /oracle – I should have at least 3GB of

free disk space there as well:

# df -h /oracle

Filesystem size used avail capacity Mounted on

/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s7 5.7G 5.8M 5.6G 1% /oracle

Determine that the system architecture can support Oracle – the output of the command should be

exactly as follows in order to procede with the installation:

# /bin/isainfo -kv

64-bit sparcv9 kernel modules

6. As root, determine that the host’s software fits the installation requirements (as prescribed in the

aforementioned documentation):

For example, the following packages are needed for my distribution:

SUNWarc

SUNWbtool

SUNWhea

SUNWlibm

SUNWlibms

SUNWsprot

SUNWtoo

SUNWi1of

SUNWi1cs

SUNWi15cs

SUNWxwfnt

SUNWsprox

Check via the following command:

# pkginfo -i SUNWarc SUNWbtool SUNWhea SUNWlibm SUNWlibms SUNWsprot SUNWtoo

SUNWi1of SUNWi1cs SUNWi15cs SUNWxwfnt SUNWsprox

system SUNWarc Archive Libraries

system SUNWbtool CCS tools bundled with SunOS

system SUNWhea SunOS Header File s

system SUNWi15cs X11 ISO8859 -15 Codeset Support

system SUNWi1cs X11 ISO8859 -1 Codeset Support

system SUNWi1of ISO-8859-1 (Latin-1) Optional Fonts

system SUNWlibm Forte Developer Bundled libm

system SUNWlibms Forte Developer Bundled shared libm

system SUNWsprot Solaris Bundled tools

system SUNWsprox Sun WorkShop Bundled 64 -bit make library

system SUNWtoo Programming Tools

system SUNWxwfnt X Window System platform required fonts

My installation lacks Sun One Studio C and C++ compilers, so I opted to install the gcc compiler from

the following web site: http://www.sunfreeware.com/indexsparc9.html and downloaded the precompiled

version of gcc 3.4.2 using the following note to install: http://www.sunfreeware.com/gcc.html.

Specifically, I transferred the gziped file to the target host unziped it and then issued the pkgadd –d

<pkg> command. I did the same for a dependent package named libiconv 1.9.2, which is also available

on that site. After that I updated my PATH as appropriate and did a version check:

# PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin:/usr/ccs/bin; export PATH

# which gcc

/usr/local/bin/gcc

# gcc –version

gcc (GCC) 3.4.2

Copyright (C) 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO

warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PUR POSE.

# MANPATH=$MANPATH:/usr/local/man; export MANPATH

Obviously perform the above only if you lack the Sun Studio version of the C/C++ compilers.

A System Administrator buddy of mine, suggested that I try to download Sun Studio 11 (it includes the

Sun compilers which negate using gcc), which is now freely available here:

http://www.sun.com/download/index.jsp?cat=Application%20Development&tab=3&subcat=Developmen

t%20Tools

You will need bunzip2 — if you don’t already have it —

http://www.sunfreeware.com/programlistsparc9.html#bzip2

I downloaded Sun Studio 11, transferred to my machine, and then installed via:

# /usr/local/bin/bunzip2 studio11 -sol-sparc.tar.bz2

# tar -xvf studio11-sol-sparc.tar

You will have to make sure your environment has all the appropriate references to java in it; here is my

environment before launching the installer:

# env

CLASSPATH=/usr/j2se/jre/lib:/usr/j2se/lib

DISPLAY=192.168.1.2:0.0

HOME=/

JAVA_HOME=/usr/j2se/jre

LOGNAME=root

PATH=/usr/j2se/jre/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

SHELL=/sbin/sh

SSH_CLIENT=192.168.1.2 2746 22

SSH_TTY=/dev/pts/1

TERM=vt100

TZ=US/Pacific

USER=root

# ./installer

Aug 11, 2006 1:52:58 PM java.util.prefs.FileSystemPreferences$2 run

INFO: Created user preferences directory.

Here are screenshots from my installation:

Afterwards, I check to see if sunstudio launches without fail via:

# PATH=/opt/SUNWspro/bin:$PATH; export PATH

# sunstudio

The following patches are required for my distribution. I check for their existence via:

# showrev –p | grep <patch>

112233-11, SunOS 5.9: Kernel Patch

111722-04, SunOS 5.9: Math Library (libm) patch

115675-01, SunOS 5.9: liblgrp API

113471-08, SunOS 5.9: Miscellaneous SunOS Commands Patch

115675-01, SunOS 5.9: /usr/lib/liblgrp.so Patch

If you lack the patch, download it at http://sunsolve.sun.com and install as follows:

# unzip 112233-11.zip

# /usr/sbin/patchadd 112233-11

Silabus Cheat Implementasi Oracle di Solaris
Silabus Cheat Implementasi Oracle di Solaris

7.Check the Network Setup to insure compatibility with the Oracle installation:

The following command should yield an entry for ‘files’:

# cat /etc/nsswitch.conf | grep hosts

# “hosts:” and “services:” in this file are used only if the

hosts: files

Oracle recommends that the following command return a fully-qualified hostname, however, mine does

not:

# hostname

sun9

Oracle recommends that the following command return nothing:

# domainname

Here is the contents of my /etc/hosts file:

# more /etc/hosts

#

# Internet host table

#

192.168.1.10 sun9.colestock.com sun9 loghost

127.0.0.1 localhost

8. Perform the following required UNIX tasks:

Create the required O/S groups:

# groupadd -g 200 oinstall

# groupadd –g 201 dba

Create the Oracle user and any dependencies:

# mkdir /home/oracle

In order to perform the aforementioned I first had to comment out the following line in

/etc/auto_master as reboot the system:

#/home auto_home -nobrowse

Create the Oracle user:

# /usr/sbin/useradd -u 175 -g dba –G oinstall -d /home/oracle -s /bin/bash -c

“Oracle Software Owner” oracle

I opted not to use the oinstall group as the primary group, since this will be a standalone server with a

single Oracle installation.

# chown oracle:dba /home/oracle

# passwd -r files oracle

New Password:

Re-enter new Password:

passwd: password successfully changed for oracle

Verify that the user ‘nobody’ exists:

# id nobody

uid=60001(nobody) gid=60001(nobody)

Configure the system-level semaphore and file descriptor limits considering the platform and physical

memory installed in the server. Ensure that swap 2X the physical memory on the server exists.

Normally shmmax should be half of physical memory, but I wouldn’t be too concerned about this on

development and/or test systems. Production systems with higher process counts and the like will need

a more refined configuration. The directives not explicitly modified below, leave at the default value.

(Note: Only change these items if you have to; in the case that you do, make sure to test thoroughly,

etc.):

# cp /etc/system /etc/system.orig

Edit the /etc/system with the appropriate values for your system:

# vi /etc/system

set noexec_user_stack=1

set semsys:seminfo_semmni=100

set semsys:seminfo_semmns=1024

set semsys:seminfo_semmsl=256

set semsys:seminfo_semvmx=32767

set shmsys:shminfo_shmmax=4294967295

set shmsys:shminfo_shmmin=1

# reboot

Create necessary Oracle-owned directories:

# mkdir /oracle/product

# mdkir /var/opt/oracle

# chown oracle:dba /oracle/product

# chown oracle:dba /var/opt/oracle

9. As oracle, modify the /home/oracle/.bash_profile profile to include at least the following:

# vi $HOME/.bash_profile

umask 022

export

PATH=/usr/SUNWspro/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/ccs/bin:/usr/local/bin:/u

sr/openwin/bin

export MANPATH=/usr/local/man:$MANPATH

export ORACLE_BASE=/oracle/product

export DISPLAY=192.168.1.2:0.0

10. As oracle, verify your environment, install and patch Oracle software as appropriate (you will need an X

Silabus Cheat Implementasi Oracle di Solaris

windowing mechanism handy):

# su – oracle

Sun Microsystems Inc. SunOS 5.9 Generic May 2002

bash-2.05$ echo $DISPLAY

192.168.1.2:0.0

bash-2.05$ /opt/runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer…

Checking installer requirements…

Checking operating system version: must be 5.8, 5.9 or 5.10. Actual 5.9

Passed

Checking Temp space: must be greater th an 250 MB. Actual 800 MB Passed

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB. Actual 2911 MB Passed

Checking monitor: must be configured to display at least 256 colors

Follow the Installer and select options appropriate for your environment. This is my test server so I am

doing a basic configuration with a starter database. The following are screen shots of my installation:

# id

uid=0(root) gid=1(other)

# /oracle/product/10.2.0/root.sh

Running Oracle10 root.sh script…

The following environment variables are set as:

 ORACLE_OWNER= oracle

 ORACLE_HOME= /oracle/product/10.2.0

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

 Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin …

 Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin …

 Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin …

Creating /var/opt/oracle/oratab file…

Entries will be added to the /var/opt/oracle/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root.sh script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

11. As oracle, update /var/opt/oracle/oratab as appropriate (indicating ‘Y’ for a service that you want

started at boot time)

12. As oracle, update the $HOME/.bash_profile to source the database (optional), You may use a

combination of export commands and calls to /usr/local/bin/oraenv. For example, I add the

following lines:

export ORAENV_ASK=NO

export ORACLE_SID=orcldev2

. /usr/local/bin/oraenv

13. Generate the Client Static Library:

bash-2.05$ genclntst

ar: creating /oracle/product/10.2.0/lib/libclntst10.a

Created /oracle/product/10.2.0/lib/libclntst10.a

ar: creating /oracle/product/10.2.0/lib32/libclntst10.a

Created /oracle/product/10.2.0/lib32/libclntst10.a

14. Configure command file for native compilation of PL/SQL (optional):

# su – oracle

Sun Microsystems Inc. SunOS 5.9 Generic May 2002

bash-2.05$ vi $ORACLE_HOME/plsql/spnc_commands

If you wish to use gcc, comment out the line that uses cc and uncomment the line that uses gcc. In

either case, be sure to update the path to cc or gcc to reflect the true path on you system; for example,

mine is /opt/SUNWspro/bin/cc; save and close.

15. Make all necessary modifications to strap the oracle services into the system’s runtime faculties:

a. Modify the $ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbstart and $ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbshut scripts to not

‘shutdown abort’ the databases if they are already running and also update the ORATAB

environment variable found in each to point to the Solaris-specific location,

/var/opt/oracle/oratab. Test and alter as necessary before continuing.

b. As root:

# touch /etc/init.d/dbora

c. Edit the file as appropriate, using the following as an example:

#!/bin/sh

#

# Set ORACLE_HOME to be equivalent to the $ORACLE_HOME

# from which you wish to execute dbstart and dbshut;

#

# Set ORA_OWNER to the user id of the owner of the

# Oracle database in ORACLE_HOME.

#

ORACLE_HOME=/oracle/product/10.2.0

ORA_OWNER=oracle

case “$1” in

‘start’)

# Start the Oracle databases:

su – $ORA_OWNER -c $ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbstart

# Start the TNS Listener

su – $ORA_OWNER -c “$ORACLE_HOME/bin/lsnrctl start”

;;

‘stop’)

# Stop the TNS Listener

su – $ORA_OWNER -c “$ORACLE_HOME/bin/lsnrctl stop”

# Stop the Oracle databases:

# The following command assumes that the oracl e login

# will not prompt the user for any values

su – $ORA_OWNER -c $ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbshut

;;

esac

# End of script dbora

d. Change the permissions on the file and then create the appropriate symbolic links:

# chmod u+x dbora

# ln –s /etc/init.d/dbora /etc/rc0.d/K01dbora

# ln –s /etc/init.d/dbora /etc/rc3.d/S99dbor

As root, test the dbora service by either issuing a shutdown reboot or an init command, similar

to the following:

# reboot

# init 6

Silabus Cheat Implementasi Oracle di Solaris

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